Hollow chisel mortisers
Hollow chisel mortisers are tools used in the mortising process. They consist of a metal frame with a rotating chuck and feeding levers. They are available in benchtop and floor models, and work by inserting a mortising bit into the chuck. A high-quality unit will be able to create mortises up to 5/8”.
This type of tool is often used to cut the side walls of a mortise. The tool’s larger distance allows for a thicker work piece without cutting into the mortise’s dimensions. As a result, it’s easier to achieve precise dimensions. Some hollow chisel mortisers also have a removable auger.
Chain mortisers are usually used for larger mortises. They are equipped with a chain that rotates within a frame clamped to the workpiece and plunges sequentially into the mortise. These tools are available in a variety of widths and many have multiple parallel chains. The teeth of a chain mortiser are typically solid tungsten carbide. They tend to be expensive, but are an excellent choice for serious woodworkers.
Horizontal slot mortisers
Horizontal slot mortisers are an essential tool for custom furniture makers and cabinet makers who use mortise-and-tenon joinery. These tools feature an integrated router on the side, which allows the user to quickly and accurately make precise cuts. The workpiece is clamped on a multi-axis sliding table.
Horizontal slot mortisers are a common tool used to create louvers. The machine features a table tilt that makes it easy to adjust the slots. They also feature a large paddle switch for convenient and accurate operation. The machine also features a built-in dust collection system. In addition, the table tilts side-to-side and front-to-back to facilitate louver creation.
Horizontal slot mortisers are useful for a wide range of applications. The Grizzly G0846 Horizontal Slot Mortiser is one such machine. The tool combines a router mounted on the side with a multi-axis sliding table to make mortises of any angle. The machine is powered by a two-horsepower, 10-amp motor. The table is precision-ground cast iron and features an adjustable cam-action hold-down clamp for a secure grip. The table is also mounted on four ball bearings to provide smooth motion.
Drill-press mortisers are an accessory that attaches to a standard drill press. They are used to create square holes in wood. The mortiser has an auger in the middle, which pulls wood chips out of the front opening. Mortisers come with several attachments, including a chisel holder, fence, and hold-down hardware. Some models come with four chisel and bit sets, ranging from 1/4-inch to 1/2″.
Drill-press mortisers are typically benchtop or floor-based machines. They have specialized augers and a spinning chuck. These machines use a single-speed direct-drive motor that runs at about 1,725 rpm. This speed is sufficient to make small mortises. However, for regular mortising projects, it is better to purchase a dedicated mortiser.
While floor-standing mortising machines are a good option, they can be very bulky and expensive. A more affordable alternative is a drill-press mortising attachment. They have the same basic functions as a stand-alone mortise, but without the bulk and expense.
RIKON mortiser with dual axis table
The Rikon mortiser with dual axis table provides you with a versatile, high-speed mortising system. It features a 1/2HP motor, heavy cast iron column, and dovetail column ways. The machine also features an adjustable depth stop and a long multi-position handle. This mortiser also features many safety features, including a piston-assist feed return, front hold down clamp, keyed chuck with guard, and removable security tab.
The X-Y table on the RIKON mortiser is adjustable and comes with a sliding X-Y axis. The front controls move the table side to side and forward, while the reversible action of the handle allows you to switch between left and right side operation. A reliable depth stop allows you to make multiple cuts of the same size at once.